One of the reasons people in a vicious addiction - idleness. When he had tilled the land, engaged in trade, how could he lead an idle life?
Abay Kunanbayev

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Walikhanov Shoqan

Walikhanov Shoqan

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Shoqan  (Mukhammedkhanafiya) Walikhanov (1835-1865) Born in Qusmurun fortress (100 km to the south-east of Qostanai).  Tore, great-grandson of the famous khan Abylai.  Graduated from Siberian Military School (kadetskii korpus). Friend of Grigorii Potanin, Fedor Dostoevskii, Apollon Maikov and many other Russian intellectuals.  Of- ficer of the Russian Army (shtabs-rotmistr).  Famous ethnographer and historian.  Author of many articles on the Kazakhs, the Kyrgyz and people of Eastern Turkistan.  Member of the Russian Geographical Society.  Worked in St. Petersburg in 1860-1861.  Regarded Islam as “a religion hostile to all kinds of knowledge” and the Tatars as “fanatics.”  Highly regarded Russian culture and at the same time advocated self-development of the Kazakhs.

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