After his death in 1961, the Government of the Republic Kazakhstan decided to perpetuate the name of the writer. The Institute of Literature and Art of the Academy of Sciences, was renamed as the Auezov Institute of Literature and Art of the Academy of Sciences, Kazakh State Academic Drama Theatre also bears his name, and a literary memorial museum is named after him as are a school, a street and an urban area in Almaty.
Auezov with his creativity rose to the highest level within Kazakh literature. His writings belong to different genres, he wrote numerous essays, short stories, and plays (many translated into other languages,) published many informative articles and gave lectures, wrote and published books, lectured at universities.
In 1917 while he was studying at seminary he wrote “Enilik-Kebek a play based on folk legends. The Enilik-Kebek play and the story Korgansyzdyn kuni, which was written in 1921 demonstrated to the world his great talent as a writer. From 1923 he began to devote all his energy to the literary arts and to work productively. In the period 1923-1926 he authored stories such as Okygan azamat, Kyr suretteri, Uilenu, Eskilik kolenkesinde, Kinamshil boizhetken, Karaly sulu.
During the period 1923–1928 years he studied and then graduated from Leningrad University in the Faculty of Language and Literature. During the last two years of his studis In Leningrad (St. Petersburg), he wrote two highly acclaimed novels: Karash-karash and Kokserek.
Auezov began to contemplate the themes of Kazakh history very deeply. His fixation with history is demonstrated in his works Enilik-Kebek, Khan Kene, Kily zmaan, Aiman - Sholpan, and Karakypshak Kobylandy. For 20 years he devoted himself to prose and plays, which have become classics of Kazakh literature. In the thirties, he wrote a series of stories, such as: Kasennin kubylystary, Izder, Shatkalan, Kum men Askar, Burtkiwi, and plays like Aiman-Sholpan, Tas tilek, Shekarada, Tungi saryn.
In 1936 he published a piece of prose called Tatiananyn kyrdagy ani in the Kazakh press Kazak adebieti, that was section from the future novel of the same name. Some years after that(around 1940), with the cooperation of Leonid Sobolev, he wrote the Abai tragedy . The great scientist and teacher, Auezov, worked on the history of Kazakhs literature, and the training of personnel. He was the founder of the Abai studies, and the principal author and editor of the multivolume Kazak adebiet Tarihy. He also wrote a monograph on the Kyrgyz epic Manas.
After the Abai Joly epic, he began writing a new, large-scale epic that described a new era in the future. His first book of that period is called Osken orken and was first published posthumously in 1962. A period of blooming of Kazakh drama is associated with the works of Auezov. He wrote over twenty plays, and translated such classic works of world and Russian drama as The Inspector by Gogol, Othello and The Taming of the Shrew 'by Shakespeare, Aristocrats by Nikolai Pogodin, Spring Love by Konstantin Trenyov, and Officer of the Navy by A. Kron.
In 1960, together with a group of Soviet writers, he visited the USA. In the summer of 1960 he started work on the series of essays named “The American Impressions”. From mid-summer 1960, he began work on the novel named “The Young Tribe”. In March 1961, Auezov embarked on a visit to India that included participation in the work of the III International Congress for Peace in Delhi together with a delegation headed by Nikolai Tikhonov. In June of that same year he planned to visit England, the land of Shakespeare, but his untimely death meant that his wish to travel to England did not occur. On June 3, 1961 he travelled to Moscow for medical tests. On June 27, 1961 – his heart failed during a surgical operation.
The first 20 years of life of M.Auezov resemble the childhood, adolescence and youth of his favorite poet and spiritual guide - Abai. Subsequently, in a famous epic, he described the same steppe, the same village, and the same social environment as experienced by Abai.
In his formative years, Mukhtar listened to the memories of his grandfather that told of Abai and Kunanbay. The destiny of Mukhtar Auezov was linked by many threads to the life of Abai the hero great inspiration of his life. Abai himself graced family celebrations, arranged for Auez to mark the birth of his grandson. Nurganym, one of the wives of Kunanbai father of Abai, was the sister of Auez.
Mukhtar later became friends with the son of Abai Turagulom and married Camille, granddaughter of the great poet, that is the daughter of Magauov. Auezov met Dilda, the first wife of Abai with whom he received a great deal of information. More information about Abai was forthcoming from Eigerim another of Abai’s life partners who survived her husband for more than a decade.
Mukhtar Omarhanuly for 15 years wrote his famous four volume epic historical novel called Abai Joly. It was translated into Russian. In 1949 two books of the novel Abai received the first level award of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This epic, which ended with four books, was awarded the Lenin prize. was translated into 30 languages, and received rave reviews from readers all over the world.
Abai Zholy is one of the most popular and valuable novels written by Mukhtar Auezov. The first book of the series was published in 1942 and after five years in 1947 “Abai” the second of the series was published, then came the third book in 1952 called “Abai aga” (Brother Abai). Finally fourth book was released in 1956. Later all of the books were repackaged and renamed as “Abai zholy” (The Path of Abai). First book and second books each have 7 chapters and one epilogue. Third book has 6 chapters as has the Fourth and one epilogue. The entire epic is divided into 20 short chapters each of which includes uniquely interesting situations.
Each chapter’s name precisely demonstrates the psychological state of the events within the story. If we compare there is much more drama, tragedy, sadness and sorrow than positive and happy moments. In first book we can clearly see how the young and inexperienced boy grows up and in the end of the fourth book we see how he became an adult and changed and who ultimately fails.