Rafis Abazov is an Adjunct Assistant Professor at the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. He has been a faculty member at Columbia University since 2003.
7 июня 1966 г.
Rafis Abazov’s research interests include public policy, environmental policy, governance and egovernance, democratization and population movement with focus on the history of population movement in Russia and Central Asia. His teaching interests cover developmental studies, public policy and governance, and modern world history, particularly the history of Russian/Soviet Union and Afghanistan.
He began his career as a Central Asian regional analyst and international consultant for regional media agencies and international organizations. Dr. Abazov consulted different international projects, including the Freedom House’s Nations in Transit project, the Transition-On-Line (TOL) annual reports on Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, the Bertelsmann Foundation project on Transformation and Development, UNDP project on international migration, UNIFEM project on labor migration in the CIS and UNECE project on Kazakhstan. He was awarded the NATO research fellowship for research on foreign policy formation in Central Asia; visiting fellowships at the Institute of Advanced Studies of the United Nations University (Japan) and the British Academy (UK), and the Kennan Institute Fellowship at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (USA) and IREX EPS fellowship (USA).
Rafis Abazov has written several books and a number of articles on public policy, economic and political development in Eurasia and the Middle East. His works won the Harriman Institute’s Publication grant in 2006 and 2008, Kazakhstan’s Academy of Journalism award in 2007 and Central Asian Geographic Society award in 2008 ans McGraw Hill Award (Global Studies Series) (2012). His most recent monographs include
The Role of Think Tanks in the Policy-Making Process in Kazakhstan(Washington, DC, IREX, 2011)
Historical Dictionary of Kyrgyzstan (Scarecrow Press, 2004),
Historical Dictionary of Turkmenistan (Scarecrow Press, 2005),
Tajikistan (Cultures of the World) (Marshall Cavendish, 2006)
The Cultures and Customs of the Central Asian Republics (Greenwood Press, 2007)
Palgrave Concise Historical Atlas Of Central Asia (Palgrave, February 2008)
The Culture and Customs of Turkey (Greenwood Press, 2009)
His research articles were published in Asian Politics and Policy, Eurasian Studies, the Central Asian Survey, Nationalities Papers, Post-Communist Economies, Central Asia - Caucasus Analyst (SAIS) and some others. He has also contributed articles to the Encyclopedia of Modern Asia (2003), the Encyclopedia of Nationalism (2001), the Encyclopedia of National Economies (2002), and some others.
Between 2005 and 2012 Rafis Abazov supervised several SIPA student-led international projects, including a project on good governance in Kyrgyzstan (in cooperation with the UNDP), project on SME development in Kazakhstan (in cooperation with the World Bank), project on media sector development in Russia and projects on innovation policies in Kazakhstan.
Rafis Abazov earned his M.A. in History (1989) and Ph.D. in Political Science (1994).
Alexander Abasheli was a penname of Isaac Chochia (August 15, 1884 – September 27, 1954), a Georgian poet and prose writer.
Born into a peasant family in Sachochio, near Abasha, he was involved in the Russian Revolution of 1905 and was exiled to Solvychegodsk in 1906. Returning to Georgia in 1908, he wrote for local press and had his first lyrics published first in Russian, and then in Georgian. He came under the influence of then-fashionable trends of Symbolism, with his first collection of lyrics The Smile of the Sun (მზის სიცილი; 1913) being impregnated with what has been described by critics as the cult of the Sun.
An outright hostility towards the Soviet regime established in Georgia in 1921 plunged his poetry into Decadence characterized with the sense of hopelessness, and disappointment in the revolutionary ideas of his youth. However, with the exacerbation of political repressions in the Soviet Union, Abasheli adopted more conformist line and gradually fully accommodated to the Soviet ideological dogmas to the point of collaborating with Grigol Abashidze in writing the original lyrics for the Anthem of the Georgian SSR which contained, among other things, a panegyric to Joseph Stalin.
Abasheli is also remembered as an author of the first Georgian science fiction novella A Woman in the Mirror (ქალი სარკეში; 1930). Several of his poems were translated into Russian by Boris Pasternak.
Grigol Abashidze (also Grigory; 1 August [O.S. 19 July] 1914 in Chiatura, Kutaisi Governorate – 29 July 1994 in Tbilisi) was a Georgian poet.
Abashidze studied at the University of Tbilisi, graduating in 1936. In 1944, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), and remained a lifelong member.
Grigol Abashidze, far right (sitting), with friends in Tbilisi.
Abashidze entered the literary scene in 1934, when his first work was published. Abashidze usually portrayed the common Soviet man in his works, like laborers and farmers. There was, too, the man who contributed to communism, like in his story Forever in Armor (1938) and 'The Founder'(1939). Abashidze's reputation soared during the Patriotic War, when he brought out works such as the The Enemies (1941), The Duel of the Tanks (1941), The Banners (1943), and The Unconquerable Caucasus (1943). His On the Southern Frontier (1949) and Lenin in Samgori (1950) won him the State Prize of the USSR in 1951. His poem George the Sixth (1942) captures Georgia's struggle for independence. He wrote two other narrative poems, The Legend of the First Dwellers in Tbilisi (1959) and Journey Into Three Times (1961). He has also written two historical novels, Lasharela (1957) and The Long Night, which depict life in 13th-century Georgia. In 1967, Abashidze became the first secretary of the board of the Union of Writers of Georgia.
Irakli Abashidze (September 10, 1909 – January 14, 1992) was a Georgian poet, literary scholar and politician.
Born in Khoni, Georgia (then part of the Russian Empire), he graduated from Tbilisi State University in 1931 and attended the 1st Congress of the USSR Union of Writers, 1934, when socialist realism was laid down as the cultural orthodoxy. From 1953 to 1967, he chaired the Union of Georgian Writers.
In 1970, he also became a vice-president of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. In 1960 he organized an expedition to the Georgian-built Monastery of the Cross at Jerusalem where his team rediscovered a fresco of Shota Rustaveli, a medieval Georgian poet. He chaired the special academic commission for the Rustaveli studies since 1963 and became the founder and an editor-in-chief of The Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia in 1967.
His poems are viewed as classical works of Georgian literature. His poetry was mostly patriotic based on Georgian cultural and religious values, but normally loyal to Soviet ideogy. He welcomed Mikhail Gorbachev’s perestroika and supported the Soviet-era dissident Zviad Gamsakhurdia when he came to power and led Georgia to the declaration of independence in 1991. Abashidze died in Tbilisi in 1992 and was afforded a state funeral. He was 82.